Raffaele Pilla was a research scientist that worked at the University of South Florida looking at Ketogenic Diets and their therapeutic effects. He is currently a Pharmacist and Research Scientist in Italy. You can find him on Facebook and his e-mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org Show Notes: [1:16] – [4:04]: How he met Dom D’Agostino and the beginnings of his research career looking at compressed gases in Navy SEALs [4:30] – [4:58]: How a hyperbaric chamber mimics a real Navy SEAL dive [5:15] – [6:25]: The beginning origins of why Navy SEAL divers had to dive deeper into waters and how they began to have seizures due to compressed oxygen [6:49] – [8:17]: Atmospheric pressures in a deep dive Navy SEAL compared to walking on dry land [9:13] – [15:50]: Discovery of 1921 John’s Hopkins Hospital study that showed the ketogenic diet as a cure for epileptic seizures. Story of friend Mike who got off medications for seizures and cured his epilepsy through ketogenic diet. [16:15] – [16:45]: Raffaele’s favorite soccer team and how many times a week he plays the beautiful game [17:45] – [24:23]: What happens to the human body following the ingestion of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Why the western diet doesn’t fit our evolutionary behaviors and why the over-ingestion of carbohydrates has led to western metabolic diseases and obesity [24:33] – [26:00]: What is Ketosis? [26:15] – [31:28]: How do we achieve a state of ketosis? [32:45] – [35:45]: Ketogenic Diet Program in Rowers that set personal records on a ketogenic diet. Ketogenic and Low Carb diet with Norwegian Soccer team that won championship in state of Ketosis [36:15] – [39:45]: Keto-Adaptation and Why a ketogenic diet works for athletes and soccer players [40:45] – [43:50]: Sugar addiction and why eating sugar promotes eating more sugar [44:10] – [47:07]: How long can you stay in a state of ketosis? [51:10] – [52:18]: Once ketosis is achieved, how hard is it to maintain? [52:39] – [53:55]: How do we measure how many millimolars we have? [54:07] – [57:30]: How does fasting influence ketosis? [59:25] – [59:50]: Where to contact Raffaele Pilla.